In the Name of Allah, the
is not a new religion. It is the same truth that God revealed to all
His prophets throughout history. Islam is both a religion and a
complete way of life. Muslims follow a religion of peace, mercy and
forgiveness that should not be associated with acts of violence against
Muslims and what do they believe?
There are an estimated 1.2 billion Muslims worldwide.
No more than 20
percent of Muslims live in the Arabic-speaking world. The country with
the largest Muslim population is Indonesia. Muslims believe in One,
Unique, and Incomparable God. They believe in the Day of Judgement and
individual accountability for actions. Muslims believe in a chain of
prophets beginning with Adam and including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael,
Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Job, Moses, David, Solomon, and Jesus. God's
eternal message was reaffirmed and finalized by the Prophet Muhammad
(peace be on them all). One becomes a Muslim by saying, "There is no
deity but God, and Muhammad is the messenger of God." By this
declaration, the person announces faith in all of God's messengers.
What is the Quran?
Quran is the record of the exact words revealed by God through the
Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad. It was memorized by Muhammad and
then dictated to his companions. The text of the Quran was
cross-checked during the life of the Prophet. The 114 chapters of the
Quran have remained unchanged through the centuries.
What are the "Five Pillars" of Islam?
1) The Declaration of Faith - This consists of the two
declaration described above.
2) Prayer - Muslims perform five obligatory prayers
each day. Islamic
prayers are a direct link between the worshiper and God. Islam has no
hierarchical authority or priesthood. A learned Muslim chosen by each
congregation leads the prayers.
3) Zakat - One of the most important principles of
Islam is that all
things belong to God and that wealth is held in trust by human beings.
Zakat, or charitable giving, "purifies" wealth by setting aside a
portion for those in need. This payment is usually two and a half
percent of one's capital.
4) Fasting - Every year in the Islamic lunar month of
fast from first light until sunset. The fast is another method of
5) Pilgrimage - A pilgrimage to Mecca, or Hajj, is an
those who are physically or financially able.